Data Privacy and Data Security – All You Need To Know

Data Privacy and Data Security - All You Need To Know

The importance of cybersecurity has been increasing with each passing day over the last decade. Today, between persistent threats from cyberattacks such as intrusions and malware, intentional or accidental data loss, and data security regulations, data privacy and security remain the hottest topic for all IT professionals around the world. However, even IT pros are not well aware of the differences between data security and data privacy. This article will help you to understand the terms have in common and sets that make them apart from each other. 

Companies face the constant fear of losing data because it can not only harm their reputation but to their bottom line. Because of such obvious concerns, companies do everything to protect their data, network, and infrastructure from both the outside and malicious insiders. But this doesn’t end here, data privacy is equally important. Organizations protect their data, including technical safeguards that work on data confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Data privacy revolves around the use and governance of personal data. This includes everything from personal identifiable information (PII) to financial information, to information about a person’s career, education, health, family, or criminal history. 

Data Privacy: 

Data privacy is ensuring that information is saved from unauthorized access and that individuals retain control over their personally identifiable information (PII). Hence, it is primarily concerned with the policies and procedures that govern the collection, storage, and use of PII and proprietary corporate information. 

Data Security: 

As data privacy is implemented through a set of procedures and policies designed to safeguard the privacy of data, data security involves physical and logical strategies to protect information from cyberattacks, data breaches, and intentional or accidental data loss. 

It is clear from the definitions, that these two terms – data privacy and data security, – must not be used interchangeably. While they are definitely related and both are extremely important, so they should be addressed in different but integrated ways. 

According to Cindy Compert, CTO Data Security and Privacy for IBM Security ‘’We like to say you can have security without privacy, but you can’t have privacy without security.”

Combining both data privacy and data security concerns is a complex but important balancing act. For one thing, they may require different approaches or tools. Popular types of data privacy tools include add-ons, password managers, browser extensions, email services, private search engines, web proxies, encrypted messaging, file encrypted software, and ad and tracker blockers. Dat security tools include data loss prevention (DLP), identity and access management, anti-virus and anti-malware, data masking software, security information, and event management (SIEM). 

Apart from these tools, there are certain technologies that can do double duty, providing services for both data security and data privacy protection. These include virtual private networks (VPNs), key management, real-time monitoring software, attribute-based access control (a more granular level of control than role-based access control), and customer identity and access management (CIAM). Most experts recommend a mix of all of these technologies.

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